We can think that two weeks of laziness are no big deal. That only fourteen days of lying in the bartola should not be a major problem, especially if we usually exercise the rest of the year. However, a new study reveals that only these few days without physical activity have health consequences.
Specifically, it can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, heart failure and even some types of cancer, and it can also hamper the health of bones and muscles.
During 14 days, a group of people was forced to reduce their daily steps by 80%, that is, to around 1,500 daily steps. That was the study carried out by researchers at the University of Liverpool 28 young and healthy adults with an average age of 25 years.
The researchers found that changing moderate or vigorous activity to almost sedentary behavior for only 14 days led to metabolic changes that could increase the risk of chronic diseases. Most significant, however, is that the participants had an average body mass index (BMI) of 25, and all of them were physically active, registering an average of 10,000 steps each day before participating in the study.
According Dan cuthbertson, leader of the work that has been presented to the 2017 European Congress on Obesity held in Portugal:
In a group of physically active and healthy young individuals who met the recommended physical activity guidelines, only 14 days of increased sedentary behavior resulted in small but significant reductions in physical condition that were accompanied by reductions in muscle mass and increased body fat Such changes can lead to chronic metabolic diseases and premature mortality. The results emphasize the importance of remaining physically active, and highlighting the dangerous consequences of continuous sedentary behavior.
According to other research, developed by the University of Loughborough (England), doing sports a day or two a week would reduce the risk of mortality from all causes, from cardiovascular disease and due to cancer, compared to those individuals who are completely sedentary.
Exercise also releases endorphins, substances capable of creating a feeling of relaxation and happiness. Even some studies have suggested that physical exercise is able to relieve certain symptoms of depression.